Kerala’s history is closely linked with its commerce, which in turn was wholly dependent until recent times on its spice trade. Kerala was known for its spice and travelers around the world journeyed here to trade and to gain control over the rich land. It is believed that the spice trade dates back to three thousand years.
Pepper still remains the king of Kerala’s spices but Idukki also has a very rich produce in cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, mace, ginger and turmeric. As in the past, Idukki continues to be the spice capital of the world. Over twelve varieties of spices, including ginger, garlic, cardamom, vanilla, pepper, cinnamon, coffee, tea, clove and nutmeg are cultivated in Idukki and the surrounding areas. Idukki high ranges with several peaks topping 2000 meters above sea level are home to the longest river in Kerala, the Periyar and its tributaries.
These high ranges are characterised by a series of plateaux like Devikulam, Eravimala etc. and they consist of rich Tea, Coffee and Cardamom estates including legendary Kannan Devan Hills. All such ranges and plateauxs are unique tourism destinations.